Regular Eye ExamsYou experience headache. Your vision gets blurry. Your eyes are dry. You even see spots. This only means one thing- your eyes need a check up. An eye check up can make a big difference in your entire life. Early signs of eye disease can be detected. Having your eyes checked by an eye doctor Long Island every year could prevent vision loss, one thing that you do not want to happen.

You use your eyes in everything you do, whether watching films, reading books, playing video games, using a computer, driving a car, and more. However, these activities can cause cause an eye problem. Your eyes get tired and as a result, you feel uncomfortable and ill. It is very important to take care of your eyes. Just imagine yourself not being able to watch your favorite TV show, or see the traffic lights. When your vision becomes poor, it will be so difficult for you to perform the usual things you used to do on your own. There is discomfort, inconvenience, and stress when you have an eye problem.

It is necessary to see an ophthalmologist or optometrist on a regular basis so that you can keep your eyes in a healthy condition. Severe eye problems and vision loss could be prevented if the symptoms or signs are caught early.

How often should you have an eye check up?

The frequency of an eye check up depends on the age, health condition, and lifestyle of the person.

Infants/Babies
Parents have to remember that the first year of their babies is a crucial stage. Detecting and treating eye problems early can prevent their newborns from having vision impairment. All infants/babies should have their eyes examined by age 6 months. This is to check if each eye focuses, if the eyes are straight, and if there is no internal eye disease. The doctor will also check if the eyes are developing properly.

For premature babies or those who have a family history of eye tumors, congenital cataracts, and genetic disease, it is best to have their eyes seen by an eye specialist.

Toddlers/Children
When your children reach the ages 3 and 5, it is necessary that they have their eyes checked every one to two years. Children are more prone to having crossed eyes or lazy eyes. But this condition cannot be automatically detected by just looking at the child. Hence, frequent vision screening tests are recommended for toddlers.

Likewise, most children are already entering school during this stage.Any vision problem can affect their learning ability and academic performance. If you have a family history of childhood eye problems, it is best to bring your child to a pediatric optometrist or ophthalmologist.

Adolescents/Teenagers
Adolescence is the transition period between childhood and adulthood. While it is the stage where teens explore new things and be independent, It is also the time when they experience stress because of school assignments, projects, and the like.

In order to make sure that they are fit and healthy, adolescents are required to have an annual eye check up. This is to make sure that they do not suffer from any vision problem or else their learning abilities and performance in school might be badly affected.

Adults Age 20 to 39
If you belong to this age group and you regularly wear eyeglasses or contact lenses, you have to see your optometrist every year. This is to ensure that your prescription is correct and updated. Your eye doctor will also check the condition of your eyes and curvature of the cornea. An eye inspection for microscopic complications associated with wearing contact lenses will also be conducted.

In case you do not wear any corrective lenses, it is advisable to have an eye check up two to three years unless you have been experiencing eye or vision problems. This also goes for adults who do not have any family history of eye disease.

For adults who have hypertension or diabetes, it is best to have your eyes checked more often. In the United States, diabetes is considered as the most common cause of blindness. Diabetic patients have a higher risk of having glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and cataracts. Hence, they are required to have an annual eye check up.

Adults Age 40 And Up
Life begins at 40 but every year would need extra care and effort. Aging can cause eye diseases like macular degeneration, presbyopia, glaucoma, and cataracts. An eye check up every 18 months is a good time frame for adults of this age bracket.

Adults age 60 or 65 should have an annual eye exam as the risk of developing cataracts, glaucoma, and other eye diseases is higher.

Eye Doctor Tools of the TradeWhat happens during an eye check up?

Your eye doctor will conduct several tests to check your eyes for possible eye problems which could lead to permanent vision loss. These tests may include the following:

  • Interview and Medical History
  • Cover test
  • Eye muscle movement test
  • External exam and pupillary reactions
  • Visual acuity test
  • Retinoscopy
  • Refraction assessment
  • Color vision testing
  • Slit-lamp examination
  • Retinal examination
  • Glaucoma test
  • Eye alignment test

How to protect your eyes?

Aside from having a regular eye check up, it is also important that you know how to protect your eyes and prevent eye diseases.

Eat foods rich in Vitamin A. For better vision, eat foods with Vitamin A. Doing this will keep your eyesight clear and sharp. Foods high in Vitamin A are butternut squash, carrots, cantaloupe, dark leafy greens, dried apricots, dried herbs, lettuce, liver, paprika, sweet potatoes, and more.

Refrain from smoking. The frequent you smoke, the higher the risks of getting an eye problem.Smoking increases the risk for cardiovascular diseases which may affect your eyes. If you want to make your eyes healthy, avoid or quit smoking.

Use proper eyewear. Use your sunglasses not just as an accessory, but also a valuable protection against the harmful effects of the UV rays of the sun. Sunglasses are available in different types and each has its own functions. For instance, motorcycle sunglasses can be used to protect you not only from the UV rays but also from the wind.

Your sense of sight is very important. You have to protect your eyes and make an effort to keep them healthy by scheduling an eye check up. Do not miss the beauty of the world just because you have missed an eye check up. Consult your ophthalmologist, optometrist, or eye doctor Long Island regularly and ask for the effective ways on how to take care of your eyes.